11.15.2021

A Guide to Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI) and Concussions

Written by: Ercolani Law Group

Getting the Help You Need After a Head Injury

While head injuries can range in severity, any jolt or sudden impact to the head can result in devastating long-term health problems. Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are serious conditions that affect hundreds of thousands of people each year. 

At Ercolani Law Group, we represent individuals who have sustained traumatic brain injuries as a result of another person’s negligence or wrongdoing. Our experienced legal team has recovered millions on behalf of clients throughout the Westlake Village and Thousand Oaks. Contact our office at (805) 338-6880 for your free, no-obligation consultation.

What Is a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)?

A traumatic brain injury is any head injury that disrupts the normal function of the brain. TBIs are generally caused by some sort of external force to the head or body. They can be the result of a sudden jolt or actual penetration. Most traumatic brain injuries are preventable.

Severe head injuries can require lifelong treatment and care. Medical bills and lost wages alone can quickly add up, presenting a financial burden to the person who sustained the TBI. If another person (or company) caused the injury, they might be required to provide compensation for the injured party. 

If you sustained a TBI caused by another person’s negligence, it is strongly recommended that you discuss your case with an experienced brain injury lawyer. You may be entitled to damages that cover your medical bills, lost wages, pain and suffering, and more.

What Causes Traumatic Brain Injuries?

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) noted that traumatic brain injuries are a major cause of death and disability. In some cases, TBIs are caused by intentional self-harm, but in many instances, head injuries are the result of an unexpected event.

Leading causes of traumatic brain injuries:

  • Unintentional falls, including slip and fall accidents
  • Motor vehicle accidents
  • Assaults
  • Firearms
  • Sports-related injuries
  • Unintentionally being struck by or against an object

It can be difficult to determine the extent of your injuries in the immediate aftermath of an accident. When people experience a sudden blow to the head or body, such as in a car accident, the body may go into shock. 

It is vital to seek medical treatment as soon as possible after any head injury. Even if you do not believe you are severely injured, you should still be seen by a medical professional. Your physical recovery may depend on the early diagnosis and treatment of your injuries. 

Are Concussions Considered Traumatic Brain Injuries?

Traumatic brain injuries may range in severity from mild to life-threatening. A concussion is considered a mild TBI but can still result in significant brain damage. Concussions, particularly in young children, may affect the normal development and function of the brain. 

Signs and symptoms of a concussion include:

  • Difficulty recalling events and forgetfulness
  • Headaches
  • Clumsy movements
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Mood, behavior, or personality changes
  • Aversion to light or noise
  • Confusion
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Double or blurred vision

Studies now indicate that concussions may be much worse than previously thought. Individuals who experience multiple concussions may experience what is known as post-concussive or post-concussion syndrome. Individuals with this syndrome may experience symptoms for weeks to years after the initial injury.

TBI Statistics

The CDC estimates that there were approximately 61,000 TBI-related deaths in 2019. This means that nearly 166 TBI-related deaths occurred every day. Additionally, a TBI Surveillance Report published by the health protection agency showed that there were approximately 227,000 TBI-related hospitalizations in a single year.

According to the most recent TBI Surveillance Report:

  • Unintentional falls were the leading cause of TBIs, accounting for 49.1% of all TBI-related hospitalizations.
  • Motor vehicle crashes accounted for nearly 25% of all TBI-related hospitalizations.
  • TBIs were diagnosed in just under 3 million emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and deaths in one year alone.
  • Males were significantly more likely to receive a traumatic brain injury.
  • Children aged 0-17 accounted for nearly 4.5% of all TBI-related fatalities.

A TBI can happen to anyone, but children and older adults are at the highest risk for TBI-related hospitalization or death. Regardless of age, it is imperative to seek medical treatment for any injury to the head or neck. 

Types of Traumatic Brain Injuries

While all head injuries should be considered serious, traumatic brain injuries are generally grouped into three main types.

Traumatic brain injuries are considered:

  • Mild TBIs or concussions - The majority of traumatic brain injuries that occur each year are classified as mild TBIs or concussions. Even mild TBIs can result in serious health concerns such as difficulty concentrating, trouble learning, and loss of memory.
  • Moderate TBIs - Moderate TBIs may cause chronic health problems or lead to death. Slip and fall accidents are one of the leading causes of moderate TBIs requiring hospitalization.
  • Severe TBIs - The most dangerous and potentially debilitating head injury is classified as a severe TBI. As noted by the CDC, severe TBIs result in thousands of deaths each year throughout the United States.

Treatment for traumatic brain injury and concussions can cost tens of thousands of dollars. Many people are unable to afford the medical bills associated with a head injury out-of-pocket, opting instead to go without the critical treatment they need. 

Long-term recovery after a TBI is predicated on receiving adequate care and rehabilitation. If your head trauma was caused by another person’s negligence or wrongdoing, you might be entitled to compensation for your injuries.

Should I Hire an Attorney?

Any time that you have experienced a head injury, you could be facing extraordinary medical bills. You may be unable to work or go to school. In cases of severe TBI, you may need lifelong care. 

An experienced attorney can help you get compensation for your injuries, ensuring that you receive the best medical care available. An attorney acts as your advocate in and out of the courtroom. They fight for you and your family so that you can focus on your recovery.

In addition, if you were injured by a negligent party, an attorney can help to ensure that they are held legally responsible for their wrongdoing. In cases of personal injury, one of the only ways to obtain justice is by holding the wrongful party financially accountable through a civil lawsuit.

Get the Help You Need Today

If you sustained a traumatic brain injury or suffered a concussion as a result of another person’s negligence, contact the Ercolani Law Group today to request a free consultation. Call (805) 338-6880 to speak directly with an attorney. 

Our lawyers will work hard to obtain the largest recovery possible in your case. We work with a team of experts, including neurologists and neuropsychologists, to prove the extent of your damages and to ensure that you receive the long-term care you need. Get started today. Call now to discuss your legal options.

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